Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, myomas, fibromas or [simply] fibroids, are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. Many women have no symptoms while other women experience a number of fibroid-related symptoms.
A woman can have one uterine fibroid or many and they can vary in sizes and location in the uterus. But treatment is not necessary, if patients experience no symptoms.
Most American women will develop uterine fibroids at some point in their lives. Studies found that, by age 50, up to 70 percent of Caucasian and up to 80 percent of African American females have uterine fibroids.
A tumor is a mass of abnormal tissue. There are two types of tumors: those that are non-cancerous, or ‘benign’, and those that are cancerous, or ‘malignant’. Fibroid tumors are almost always non-cancerous. Cancerous fibroid tumors are very rare (approximately one in 1,000). There are different types of fibroid tumors: