Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a significant health issue that is impacting 20-50 per cent of women. It is defined as ‘excessive menstrual blood loss which interferes with a women’s physical, social, emotional and/or material quality of life’ (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence 2007).
A common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding are uterine fibroids. These noncancerous tumors are very common in women and the most common reason a hysterectomy surgery is performed in the United States. Fibroids vary in size, quantity, and location within the uterus. The symptoms of uterine fibroids can also be very different or entirely absent.
If fibroids cause no symptoms, no treatment is required.
Fibroids can cause uterine bleeding between periods or heavy menses. This is one of the most common fibroid symptoms. If you have heavy bleeding due to uterine fibroids, you may develop anemia.