Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a significant health issue that is impacting 20% – 50% of women. It is defined as “excessive menstrual blood loss which interferes with a woman’s physical, social, emotional and/or material quality of life” (according to National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence).
A common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding are uterine fibroids. These noncancerous tumors are very common in women and the most common reason a hysterectomy surgery is performed in the United States.
Often the onset of the disease is asymptomatic. And fibroid bleeding is one of the first symptoms.
Fibroid bleeding occurs at any stage of the disease. Main causes are:
– rapid growth of tumors;
– reduction of uterine contractility;
– fibroids are located under the mucous membrane or in the muscle layer of the uterus;
– increase of the reproductive organ in volume;
– decrease in elasticity and tone of blood vessels.
Prolonged heavy uterine bleeding that recurs at regular intervals is called menorrhagia. This condition is diagnosed when a woman loses about 80 ml of blood within an hour.
With prolonged periods and strong uterine bleeding, anemia can develop. The patient complains of general weakness, causeless fatigue, dizziness, and headaches. The skin and visible mucous membranes become pale, hair and nails dull, brittle. Blood pressure decreases, heart rate increases. In the general analysis of the blood, there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells, a decrease in the level of hemoglobin.
To stop the bleeding and normalize periods, a woman needs to eliminate the cause of the problem. Everything else, including taking iron and painkillers, is only temporary relief. Symptomatic fibroids are a direct indication for treatment.
Currently, there is a minimally invasive nonsurgical procedure called uterine fibroid embolization or UFE.
Having addresses fibroids, many women find a new life without bleeding, anemia, and other symptoms. Contact us to learn more about uterine fibroid embolization and make an appointment.