Uterine Fibroid Symptoms

Usually, uterine fibroid development is asymptomatic at the beginning. And often women learn about it during a routine medical examination or in the later stages when the symptoms cannot be overlooked. Therefore, it is very important to visit a doctor regularly and discuss all symptoms, even when they are minor.

What Are Some Common Fibroid Symptoms?

There are some common symptoms that may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids:

Heavy monthly periods

Irregular, prolonged menstruation. If fibroids are located close to the uterus’ lining, they can cause long and heavy periods, quite painful periods, sometimes delayed periods, or spotting between menses. In some cases, there is heavy menstrual bleeding with clots and pain.

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Pelvic pain and pressure

Pulling pain in the abdomen, feeling of tightness. If you have pain below your belly button and above your legs, it counts as pelvic pain. It may be harmless evidence of your fertility, a simple digestive disorder, or a red flag that you may have fibroids, endometriosis, or another medical condition.

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Enlarged abdomen

An increase in the size of the abdomen without an increase in body weight can occur due to a growing fibroid.

Enlarged uterus

Pregnancy isn’t the only potential reason for an enlarged uterus. Two of the most common causes of an enlarged uterus are uterine fibroids and adenomyosis. 

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Frequent need to urinate

Constant feeling of a full bladder, frequent trips to the bathroom, even multiple times at night. It happens because uterine fibroids can press on the bladder that results in an almost constant need to look for a bathroom, although the bladder is not even close to being full. For the same reason, women with uterine fibroids suffer from frequent urination at night, sometimes waking up multiple times each night.

Constipation and bloating

The intestine pressure from the fibroid(s) causes constipation and intestinal obstruction. Fibroids cause constipation directly and indirectly. The uterus lies directly in front of the distal end of the colon (i.e. rectosigmoid region). Fibroids that develop in the back of the uterus can press on the colon from the outside, and in some cases, cause significant constipation. Women that have fibroids that cause heavy menstrual bleeding can become anemic, which may require them to take iron supplements. These supplements often cause constipation, too.

Major uterine fibroids symptoms
Major uterine fibroids symptoms

Back pain

There are multiple areas of the uterus where fibroids can grow. Intermural fibroids are located in the wall of the uterus, submucosal fibroids are located in the inside lining of the uterus, and subserosal fibroids are located in the outside lining of the uterus. Some fibroids can cause back pain.

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Leg pain

If a fibroid is located on the back of the uterus, it is very close to the spinal column. If it becomes large enough it can press on or pinch the nerves in that area resulting in lower back pain. It can also cause sciatica as the fibroid presses against the sciatic nerve and sends pain down the back of the legs.

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Pain during sexual intercourse

Sometimes, a woman has large fibroids that press on the internal organs causing pain during sex. Women whose fibroids are growing in the upper portion of the uterus are more likely to have dyspareunia. There are several things you can do to help pain during penetration, but the true reason of dyspareunia must be addressed to completely get rid of pain during sex.

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Fatigue, lightheadedness, headaches that feel like migraines, cravings for ice. If you need to change pads every two to three hours or you go through more than eight pads per day, you may be experiencing abnormal bleeding causing anemia. Anemia can lead to serious health problems. It can be treated by addressing the reason causing the condition. If anemia is caused by uterine fibroids, they need to be treated.

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Fibroids can affect your fertility. Fibroids that change the shape of your cervix can affect the number of sperm able to enter the uterus. Fibroids that weaken the lining of the uterine cavity or decrease the blood supply to a growing embryo can cause a miscarriage. Fertility can also be affected by scars from a myomectomy (fibroid surgery).

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Uterine fibroid symptoms can be very similar to the symptoms of many other possible conditions. Therefore, you must contact your Gynecologist or an Interventional Radiologist without delays to be accurately diagnosed.

Learn about UFE (uterine fibroid embolization), a nonsurgical uterine fibroids treatment

Schedule an Appointment to Discuss Your Symptoms

If you’re experiencing symptoms of uterine fibroids, you probably have many questions. At Atlanta Fibroid Center we have the answers you need to make a proper educated decision regarding uterine fibroid treatment. It can be overwhelming, but we are here to help you get the answers you are looking for.

Today, uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is used as a nonsurgical method for treating uterine fibroids, which is performed by an experienced Interventional Radiologist. It is a virtually painless procedure and is performed while patients are resting comfortably. The procedure lasts for about an hour, after that the patient can go home the same day with just a band-aid.

Learn more about fibroid treatment options