Your doctor will develop a treatment plan based on your individual situation, including your age, amount and size of fibroids, your overall health, and more. It’s important to know that if you have uterine fibroids but are not experiencing symptoms, no treatment is required.
The first line of treatment is usually hormones and anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen (if needed for managing pain). Another option that can help control bleeding and pain, but won’t shrink or eliminate fibroids is an intrauterine device (IUD) that releases the hormone progestin.
Surgery to remove very large or multiple fibromas may be performed (myomectomy). An abdominal myomectomy involves making a large incision in the abdomen to access the uterus and remove the fibroids. The surgery can also be performed laparoscopically. Fibroids frequently grow back after a myomectomy, and many women require more than one procedure.
Another surgical option is a hysterectomy. However, this means that you won’t be able to have children in the future.
A newer and completely noninvasive procedure is uterine fibroid embolization.
⇒ Related: Learn more about UFE