Can Uterine Fibroids Cause Anemia?

Because uterine fibroids frequently cause heavy menstrual bleeding and prolonged periods, women with myomas are at a greater risk of becoming iron deficient or anemic. Iron deficiency interferes with many important bodily functions. If left untreated, iron deficiency anemia can lead to congestive heart failure, angina, arrhythmia or heart attack.

Related: Learn about fibroid symptoms

Common Symptoms of Anemia

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • A fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Cognitive problems
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Headaches

Dr. John Lipman’s Featured Playlist: Everything You Need to Know About Uterine Fibroids








If your fibroids are small it doesn’t mean that they can’t lead to anemia. Even small fibroids can cause heavy bleeding.

In order to treat anemia, your doctor must address the underlying cause, which means that fibroids must be thoroughly removed.

⇒ Related: 4 Myths about UFE

While there are surgical options to remove fibroids, the UFE (uterine fibroid embolization) procedure is much safer than surgery and allows women the relief of anemia and other symptoms, spares them from the risks and long recovery of surgery, and allows them to keep their uterus.

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John C. Lipman, MD, FSIR
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